Day 3: I DO NOT Support women Empowerment!

I have been hearing about women empowerment, girl empowerment, girl education and development of the female community in general. It’s not that I do not support the growth of my fellow female sisters. But somewhere I feel that the pain, problems, and difficulties faced by a man are overshadowed by the women Empowerment movement!

I believe in equality, not one empowering the other or one rising above the other. If you make sure that women can file a complaint about the rape and gets justice, make sure you do that for men too. 38% of people who get sexually assaulted are men. I know women have a greater number but that does not mean we avoid this 38%. In this 38 %, most of them are college going students with an age group between 18 to 34. These are the men that suffer through mental health issues and fearlessly use violence on there wives and kids during the later part of their age.

Apart from that, I want you to go through this data and understand the state of men too!

More then Half of them are also suffering at different sectors!

They Need Empowerment too, they need support too! So let’s make it for all!

1.The workforce participation rate of females in rural sector was 26.1 in 2009‐ 10 (NSS 64th Round) while that for males was 54.7. In the Urban sector, it was 13.8 for females and 54.3 for males. Among the States/Union Territories, workforce participation rate of females in the rural sector was the highest in Himachal Pradesh at 46.8% and in the urban sector, it was the highest in Mizoram at 28.8%.

2.  In the rural sector, 55.7% females were self‐employed, 4.4% females had regular wage/salaried employment and 39.9% females were casual laborers compared with 53.5%, 8.5% and 38.0% males in the same categories respectively.

3. A total of 20.4% women were employed in the organized sector in 2010 with 17.9% working in the public sector and 24.5% in the private.

4. The labor force participation rate of women across all age‐groups was 20.8 in the rural sector and 12.8 in the urban sector compared with 54.8 and 55.6 for men in the rural and urban sectors respectively in 2009‐10 (NSS 64th Round).

5. The unemployment rate for women of all ages was 2.4 compared with 2.0 for men in the rural areas in 2009‐10. It was 7.0 for women and 3.1 for men in urban areas during the same period. Among the States/Union Territories, the highest unemployment rate for women in rural sector was observed in Chandigarh (51.1%) and in the urban sector in Dadra and Nagar Haveli (60.0%) in 2009‐10.

6. Of the total job seekers registered with employed exchanges, women constituted 32.5% in 2009.

7. The female share of total Central Government employment stood at 10.0% in 2009.

8. The share of female employees in the scheduled commercial banks was 15.9% in 2009 which rose slightly to 16.6% in 2010.

9. In 2009‐10, the average wage/salary received by regular wage/salaried employees of age 15‐59 years was Rs. 155.87 per day for females compared with Rs. 249.15 per day for males in rural areas. For urban areas, it was Rs. 308.79 and Rs. 377.16 per day for females and males respectively.

10. In 2010, the number of accounts operated by females in all commercial banks was 153.18 crores compared with 487.37 crore accounts operated by males. The deposit amount was Rs. 517209.74 crore for females and Rs. 1838826.25 crore for males.

11. In 2011‐12, the share of women swarojgaris (self-employed) in the total swarojgaris assisted under the Swarnjayanti Gram Swarojgaar Yojna (Golden Jubilee Rural Self Employment Scheme)) stood at 69.4%.

12. The share of women in the person days employed through MGNREGA stood at 48.3% in 2011‐12 (all districts with rural areas).

13. According to the pilot Time Use Survey conducted in 18,620 households spread over six selected States, namely, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and Meghalaya during the period June 1998 to July 1999, women spent about 2.1 hours per day on cooking food and about 1.1 hours on cleaning the households and utensils. Men’s participation in these activities was nominal. Taking care of children was one of the major responsibilities of women, as they spent about 3.16 hours per week on these activities as compared to only 0.32 hours by males.

 

Literacy and Education

14. As per Census 2011, 74.0% of the population is literate comprising 65.5% females and2.1% males. The incremental increase over Census 2001 of 11.8% for females is higher than 6.8% for males.

15. Among the States/Union Territories, the female literacy rate is the highest in Kerala at 92.0% followed by Mizoram at 89.4%. The highest male literacy rate is observed in Lakshadweep at 96.1% followed by Kerala at 96.0% as per Census 2011.

16. As per NSS 64th Round, 2007‐08, of the currently attending students aged 5‐ 29 years, 69.2% females in primary schools, 65.6% females in the middle schools and 56.8% females in secondary and higher secondary schools were attending Government schools. The share of males is across the board lower at 65.4%, 64.0% and 55.6% in the respective categories.

17. A share of females getting free education/ exemption from tuition fee and receiving different types of incentives is higher than that for males in all the three levels of school education. However, the average annual expenditure for females is lower than that of males.

18. The main reasons for females never attending school are ‘expensive cost of education’, ‘not interested in studies’, ‘education is not considered necessary’ and ‘required for household work’.

19. The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) for females at the primary level stood at 115.39 compared with 115.55 for males in 2009‐10 indicating parity in GER. At the middle classes level, the GER for females was 78.30 while that for males was 84.53.

20. The Gross Attendance Ratio for females in the classes I‐V in rural areas was 103 compared with 106 for males in 2007‐08 (NSS 64th Round). The Net Attendance Ratio was observed to be 83 and 86 for females and males respectively in the rural areas in the classes I‐V.

21. The Drop‐out Rates were observed to be 27.25 and 30.25 for females and males respectively in the classes I‐V in 2009‐10. These were 44.39 and 40.59 in classes I‐VIII and 51.97 and 53.38 in classes I‐X for females and males respectively.

 

So Let’s Support all!

 

-Dharti Shethiya

 

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